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As an art form, or genre, it is called "op art" (short for - you guessed it - optical art). It makes use of optical illusions, and emphasizes how our interpretation of reality can easily be 'fooled' by our visual perception. This is a nice example: although a digital work, the basic idea is that the flat surface seems to contain a certain volume: ...


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Just today, this appeared in my YouTube subscription: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r-cNofvv8nk (image from linked video) It is called "objects of intersection." A search of these terms is not particularly illuminating, but the video covers the concept quite well, in my opinion. I have personally used a similar technique in the past to create ...


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A possible term is 'counterchange pattern': "Patterning in which a dark motif on a light ground alternates with the same motif [in] light on a dark ground." (lexico.com) Examples: source source The Frisian artist M.C. Escher famously made extensive use of this type of pattern, inventing a lot of new ones. Take a look at his work Metamorphosis ...


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I would call your example a square spiral. Most people wouldn't think of it as it two overlapping identical shapes. Rather, they would think of the black spiral as the one shape. The nearly-identical white shape is simply formed by the negative space outlined by the black spiral. To find more complicated spiral patterns, have a look at search results for ...


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