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29

You can use an artist's bridge as well. It's basically a long metal ruler with either rubber feet at either end or a thin foam on the bottom. You can easily make your own out of a sturdy ruler as well. These are used by illustrators but could be useful to the fine artist as well. Here are some examples: The bridge is great for horizontal work but for ...


25

Get an erasing shield/stencil: An erasing shield is a metal stencil that can mask off the parts of your drawing you want to protect, while exposing only the area you want to erase, so you can erase with more precision.


22

Watercolor is, by its very nature, a transparent medium and so it becomes really quite difficult to manage this. However, there are a couple of things you can do to help: Draw very lightly and then use a kneaded eraser to lift the lines that you have left. The remaining lines will be much more faint than had you just drawn as light as you can. Draw on ...


20

H and B relate to the hardness or softness of the pencil's graphite. "H" stands for "hard" and "B" stands for "black" with "F" right in the middle between HB and H... though, the source of the lettering seems to be debatable according to Wikipedia - H stands for "Hardtmuth" (the surname of the owner ...


16

You can use the 3-4-5 method of creating right angles. Begin with a construction line and mark a zero point and a 3 point. Make a mark. Notice that I'm not using units of measure. You can use millimeters (preferred) or inches or anything in between. Draw from the zero point at a right angle as closely as possible. Measure from the zero point to a 4 point. ...


15

The flocculent beauty of the work you show is not that the artists drew a single hair (that would never achieve the effect) the beauty came from the artists layering one drawn hair "over" another and repeating it until the desired depth was achieved. I can think of two artists on Youtube who demonstrate this layering process (with explanations for their ...


15

Building on @Joachim's comments above, yes, the direct sunlight can affect the color and make them dull. Hence, when you are not working, you should store the paper in dark (or use some protective varnish) Also, Do you wear any artist's glove while (A glove that covers ring & pinky finger)? -> If you are not using it, then it might help you with ...


14

The word "proper" is in quotations for a reason: many artists share that opinion, but it's opinion. The proper way depends on you. The reason for knife sharpening of pencils is so that you're able to expose more lead at once to facilitate different shading techniques and to minimize lead wastage from standard sharpeners. However, for colored pencils, many ...


13

Other options: Eraser pencils: Imagine a pencil that is filled with eraser instead of graphite - that's an eraser pencil. Some models have a small brush on the back end for getting rid of eraser dust. Sanford Magic Rub Peel-Off Eraser Pencil: Basically the eraser equivalent of a peel-off grease pencil. The eraser core is wrapped in paper, and as you wear ...


12

In addition to the suggestions by @user24, you can get workable fixative that allows you to continue to work on drawings after spraying it. This is handy if you can't finish the piece in the whole session and want to protect it against accidental smudging, especially if it's in a sketchbook, until you can work on it again. You'll still want to apply a final ...


11

There is a natural temptation when drawing hair to think in terms of individual hairs and equate these to pencil lines. However this tends to get in the way as there is no reasonable way to draw every individual hair even in hyper-realistic styles. Instead forget that hair is lots of individual strands and concentrate on what it looks like as a surface/...


10

If the pieces are likely to be handled and/or displayed then using fixative sprays is probably the best option. There are two purposely manufactured types: Workable Final Workable Fixative As the name suggests, this allows you to add additional layers to your work after the spray has been used. Workable Fixative is a thin solution and it sets up a new ...


10

You cannot erase it anymore. The graphite is underneath the paint, slightly mixed up in it. The only way to get rid of the graphite is by painting over it, I'm afraid. But instead of painting layer after layer of a translucent paint, an easier option is to either mix titanium white in with the yellow, or apply a layer of titanium white first. Titanium white ...


8

Modern scanners, cameras, and digital editors pick up the non-photo blue pencil marks that earlier scanners did not. However, this color is still easily removed from the scanned image by switching to grey scale and altering the brightness and contrast. You could do this with another colored pencil pretty easily as well. The answer to your question depends ...


8

I am not an expert but here is what I gathered from my experience. Pencil have different hardness rated as follow: Harder (very light strokes) 7H -> ... -> 2H -> HB -> 2B -> ... -> 7B Softer (dark strokes) Start with a 2B or HB to "draw" (contour, shape, ...) Then add a 4B or 6B for your first shadings (I would go with 6B to widen the range of shade you ...


8

It would be helpful to know the thickness/density of your paper. The specifics, grades, etc. are beyond your question. However, you can look at the cover of your pad or pack, refer to your supplier if you buy singly, or do some experimenting. For the sake of your question, I'll refer to the standard labeling of 90 lb, 140 lb and 300 lb. 90 being very thin (...


7

If you want to erase a smaller area without buying additional stuff, it's easy! Use a blade or scissors (I prefer blades) and cut out a pointed shape to erase with. If you are scared of wasting erasers, you can just trim the corners or cut it in half or just use the leftovers from the cut. If you have new erasers or you didn't use the bottom corners, use ...


7

Yes, you can mix media. But you need to preserve some of the tooth of your paper's surface to successfully transition from working with graphite to charcoal. The tooth of your paper determines how well things will catch and hold to the surface of the paper. As you pass your pencil, or charcoal, across the paper's surface little bits of the drawing tool are ...


7

I don't know much about pastel pencils--so there could be something like a mechanical pastel pencil out there, and if so, hopefully someone will answer this question with information about such a pencil. But, I have a hunch that they don't exist because of the different composition of the "lead" in a pastel pencil vs. that in a mechanical pencil. I have ...


7

Spray fixative should make the drawing more matte as well as protecting it. You could also try a layer of acrylic matte medium, sprayed or brushed, but that would be a little more involved and riskier to the original work if it cannot handle the wet medium. Either way do some test pieces before trying on the finished work. I also would recommend ...


7

Draw top and bottom of the ruler to create parallel lines. Rotate the ruler and repeat using the original lines to create a parallelogram. Draw the diagonals of the the parallelogram, thus creating a right angle at the centre. Continue drawing parallel lines with same width using the ruler and adding the diagonals. A square will present itself. .


6

The heat blur effect is caused by the hot exhaust chaotically refracting the background. That is, the noisy turbulent hot air of the jet blast bends the light coming through it randomly, leading to blurry areas where the trail is. So to convincingly draw the heat blur you would need to have a background to be blurred. That being said you could represent it ...


5

You either need to immobilize the pencil in a separate container or put something on the end of the pencil to absorb the impact of being hit. Erica covers immobilizing the pencils well so I will focus on impact protections. Several products will be shown here. I am not endorsing any in particular but showcasing some different designs. Pencil caps You will ...


5

A colleague of mine carries her 100+ colored pencil collection in a fabric pencil roll. The pencils slot into little rectangles or elastic along a rectangle of fabric, and then the rectangle is rolled up. It ends up about the size of a water bottle, and fits easily in purse, shoulder bag, or backpack. While most of these I've seen are for colored pencils (...


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