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25

You can use an artist's bridge as well. It's basically a long metal ruler with either rubber feet at either end or a thin foam on the bottom. You can easily make your own out of a sturdy ruler as well. These are used by illustrators but could be useful to the fine artist as well. Here are some examples: The bridge is great for horizontal work but for ...


23

Get an erasing shield/stencil: An erasing shield is a metal stencil that can mask off the parts of your drawing you want to protect, while exposing only the area you want to erase, so you can erase with more precision.


15

You can use the 3-4-5 method of creating right angles. Begin with a construction line and mark a zero point and a 3 point. Make a mark. Notice that I'm not using units of measure. You can use millimeters (preferred) or inches or anything in between. Draw from the zero point at a right angle as closely as possible. Measure from the zero point to a 4 point. ...


13

TL;DR: Generally speaking, printer paper is not designed to last long, and is intended to hold ink rather than graphite, charcoal, paint, etc. The same is more or less true of notebook paper. Printer and notebook paper have very little tooth (roughness); lack weight (i.e., the sheets are thin); and have relatively high acid content, which means they will ...


13

If there isn't enough separation in the levels of the values used in rendering an image then the image can look washed out or the shapes poorly defined. Someone saying, you need to "push the values", means they think you need to add more separation in the value levels you used to define your shapes and areas in the image as a way to help build greater depth,...


11

Other options: Eraser pencils: Imagine a pencil that is filled with eraser instead of graphite - that's an eraser pencil. Some models have a small brush on the back end for getting rid of eraser dust. Sanford Magic Rub Peel-Off Eraser Pencil: Basically the eraser equivalent of a peel-off grease pencil. The eraser core is wrapped in paper, and as you wear ...


11

The flocculent beauty of the work you show is not that the artists drew a single hair (that would never achieve the effect) the beauty came from the artists layering one drawn hair "over" another and repeating it until the desired depth was achieved. I can think of two artists on Youtube who demonstrate this layering process (with explanations for their ...


10

In addition to the suggestions by @CreationEdge, you can get workable fixative that allows you to continue to work on drawings after spraying it. This is handy if you can't finish the piece in the whole session and want to protect it against accidental smudging, especially if it's in a sketchbook, until you can work on it again. You'll still want to apply ...


10

There is a natural temptation when drawing hair to think in terms of individual hairs and equate these to pencil lines. However this tends to get in the way as there is no reasonable way to draw every individual hair even in hyper-realistic styles. Instead forget that hair is lots of individual strands and concentrate on what it looks like as a surface/...


9

If the light is coming from a candle, or group of candles, you're going to have very dramatic chiaroscuro lighting. Shadows should be very black, with not a lot of grey tones. Keep in mind that only the elements very close to the candles are going to be visible. Also, candles have yellow light, so basically all colors are a shade of yellow or orange. ...


9

There's a famous story about a ceramics professor who separated his class into two groups of students. The students in Group A were graded solely on a single pot they presented at the end of the semester, whereas the students in Group B were graded on how many pots they produced during the semester: quality vs. quantity. During the course of the semester, ...


9

Here are some key differences I noticed between the reference image and your drawing: The relative location of the pupils. If the subject is looking up at you, the pupils should be at the top of the eyeball, so there should be more white showing at the bottom of the eye. The relative locations of the mouth/nose/chin. Since you are viewing the face from an ...


9

This might seem like a cop-out answer, but... practice! Practice is the main way for you to improve your control and line quality. I've been using a drawing tablet for 10 years and I still make mistakes. The key to drawing lines is to use long, quick strokes rather than trying to hold your hand steady while you trace your outline. Each stroke will likely ...


9

I will preface my response with a cautionary warning that I am an engineer by profession, so I am somewhat naturally inclined to use optics/physics and math to illustrate my point. Hopefully I'm enough of an artist to actually be able to illustrate this sufficiently well. Now, onwards! A person's field of vision can be described as the "cone" ...


9

I think the main reasons the curviness seems lacking is because the contrast is too high or uneven, and your hatching doesn't follow the curves of the body. The quite abrupt ending of the shading on the breast(s) - the upper part, that seems to be erased with a kneaded eraser in a dotted way, and the dark area of the person's right breast (image 1) - gives ...


8

Modern scanners, cameras, and digital editors pick up the non-photo blue pencil marks that earlier scanners did not. However, this color is still easily removed from the scanned image by switching to grey scale and altering the brightness and contrast. You could do this with another colored pencil pretty easily as well. The answer to your question depends ...


8

If using graphite make sure to spray a few coats of fixative over the graphite drawing prior to painting. What should I use instead? You could also try: charcoal Water color pencils diluted ink


8

Lifting something like the Prismacolor line with a hand-held eraser is going to require a lot of elbow grease. So, when the need arises, either for a misplaced line or trying to get an effect, then the best answer is an electric eraser. There are a few options out there, Sakura makes one that is quite popular and I have the Derwent model. Are they perfect? ...


8

I can only think of a few options. Don't worry about masking or hiding the sketch. Make bold, dark outlines on purpose. Sketch the pattern you want in graphite, then draw the lines very dark (in graphite, or even ink). This does give the final result something of a "coloring book" feel, which may not be what you're wanting. Sketch outlines in the color of ...


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