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I do not know whether hard water is suitable for watercolor usage or if it will cause any damage to the color when it comes to archival quality. If it does cause damage, are there suggestions for improving the use of hard water with watercolor?

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    This is a good question, and I haven't got a clue as to the answer. However, if there is any doubt or question, why not use distilled water? It's sold by the gallon in grocery stores for use in things like steam irons and other appliances where you don't want mineral buildup, and it's pretty cheap. – fixer1234 Dec 22 '19 at 19:01
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    I don't know about archival quality, but I've never scrapped for what kind of water to use for my watercolours. However, to be fair, I've never had any of them for 100 years, so I can't vouch for the water. – bgmCoder Dec 22 '19 at 21:20
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    If the salt content is high in the water, it might make a salt film once dried. I've never used hard water, so I'm just talking out of logic, not experience. – Bella Swan Dec 24 '19 at 9:33
  • Thanks for the response. – ASMI Jan 1 at 4:42
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Hard water will work fine.
However, as with all impurities, the minerals it contains will have an impact on both the purity of the colours and the texture of the paint.

Colour purity

Hard water contains relatively high levels of calcium and magnesium, known for causing buildups of limescale: as the carbonates are deposited, they leave an insoluble off-white residue. This residue can have an impact on the colours and transparency of watercolours (and water-soluble oil paints), with slight variations between different pigments, I presume.
In most cases, however, I presume the impact is indiscernible.

Granulation

Harder water will increase the granulation of pigments in water colour, which may or may not be a desired effect.
This blog post recounts the experience of using a paint described to be non-granulating which resolutely would not have behave this way, and it turned out this was caused by the use of hard water. The accompanying picture also clearly illustrates the difference between using hard water or distilled water:

Comparison between watercolours used with hard water and with distilled water
(c) Lee Angold

Alternatives

Since hard water is hard to soften, using a different source of water is the easier option.
As fixer1234 mentioned in the comments, the best way to prevent any deterioriative effects from using hard tap water is to use distilled water, which is usually easy to come by, cheap enough not to risk your watercolours losing some of their vibrancy, and free of any contaminants.
As mentioned in this Wet Canvas thread, it can also prevent the watercolour from granulating altogether: if this is undesired behaviour, it is suggested to use filtered or purified water.

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